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(a) The linear curve represents the simple distillation as the temp. inveases, the volume increases.The sigmoidal cueve rupresents the fuactional dirfillation.(b) From the graph, we can say that nearly 27 \mathrm{~mL} of the solution minture is reparated and collected at T=177^{\circ} \mathrm{C} which is the boiling point of cyclohexane thus we can say that the volume of cyclohexane collected =27 \mathrm{~mL}.So, fraction of cyelohexane =\frac{27}{50}=0.54\Rightarrow \% \text { of uselohexane }=0.54 \times 100 \%=54 \%and fraction of toulene =\frac{23}{50}=0.463 \% \text { of toulene }=0.46 \times 100 \%=46 \%Hence, 54% of cyelohexane and 46 \% of toulene werte present in the minture. ...