(a) Briefly describe at least five methods to increase the strength of materials. 
(b) What are the metallurgical/processing techniques employed to enhance the creep resistance of metal alloys? 
(c) Cite three variables that determine the microstructure of an alloy. 
(d) What are the most common types of crystal defects and how do they affect properties? 
(e) Briefly describe the phenomenon of coring and why it occurs. 

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BAXNIX The First Answerer